In April 2013, EU Member States made a political commitment to ensure young people’s successful transition into work by adopting a Council Recommendation on establishing a Youth Guarantee (YG) scheme. The principle of the Youth Guarantee has been reaffirmed by the European Pillar of Social Rights.
Under the YG Member States should ensure that all young people under the age of 25 year receive a good-quality offer of employment, continued education, an apprenticeship or a traineeship within a period of four months of becoming unemployed or leaving formal education. In practice this means that within four months of leaving school or losing a job, a young person under 25 should either get a job offer for a job suited to their profile (education, skills and experience); or acquire the education, skills and experience required to find a job in the future through an apprenticeship, traineeship or continued education offer. Later, the age range was extended up to 29.
The YG ‘offers’ generally fall within the four categories identified in the Recommendation. Typical examples include:
- Employment: open labour market employment (subsidised or not), self-employment;
- Supported through start-up and dedicated subsidies;
- Continued Education: education opportunities including job-related training, reinsertion into the regular education system, bridging courses supporting this reinsertion, second chance education;
- Traineeships: open-market and ALMP traineeships.
The Youth Guarantee has shifted the focus to early intervention and outreach to NEETs, and highlighted the gaps in delivering services to unemployed youth. As a result, the majority of public employment services have improved and expanded their services for young people. Apprenticeship and traineeship reforms have helped better prepare young people for the labour market and build relevant skills. Coordination among employment, education, social and youth policies has increased. New partnerships have been set up with social partners, youth services and youth organizations.
The EU has supported Member States in developing their national Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan. The Commission helps monitor the implementation of the national schemes and facilitates mutual learning through the European Employment Strategy Mutual Learning Programme and activities financed under the EU Programme for Employment and Social Innovation.
Here you can find more information about the programme, its results and successful stories.